23 September


Two English officers land from the British squadron, which arrived on the 22nd, stating that they have orders from their King to take possession of the Islands and to demand the immediate surrender of the Spanish forces. Supported by naval artillery, they occupy the churches of Malate, Ermita, San Juan de Bagumbayan, and Santiago and all houses in the area.


The Spanish King promulgates a royal order providing that only lawyers can be appointed alcaldes mayors.


Felipe Agoncillo, special Philippine envoy, and his secretary Sixto Lopez, arrive in San Francisco on their way to Washington to confer with President McKinley regarding the Philippine case, which is to be discussed in the forthcoming peace conference in Paris.

Evacuation of all Spaniards residing in the Bicol region.


Aguinaldo publishes his pamphlet, the ""True Narrative of the Philippine Revolution" (ReseƱa Verdica de la Revolucion Filipina) in Tarlac. It is a litany of charges against the American occupation.


The National Assembly meet in inaugural session at the Legislative Building in Japanese-occupied Manila.